Coating Terms

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Description
Mixture of solvents obtained at 226-285°C interval during distillation of aromatically rich petroleum. Evaporation number relative to ether: >1000; specific gravity: 0,990; refractive index: 1,591; flash point: 102°C
General name for solvents having a linear structure and are able to dissolve low polarity binders such as long oil alkyd resins. These types of solvents are produced from distillation of high aliphatic content petroleum. Hexane, heptane and white spirit are a few of the aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents
Common name of strong solvents -with a benzene ring on their structure- for dissolving many of the binders, especially alkyd, polyester and acrylic resins. They are obtained from distillation of fossil fuels, especially from high aromatic content petroleum (e.g, Toluene, Xylene, Solvent naphtha etc.).
Organic liquid of mostly volatile nature that is used in the coating formulation to dissolve the binder.
Coatings having viscosities low enough to enable the application even if they do not include solvents in their formulations. Solvent-free liquid coatings are produced with binders obtained from low molecular weight polymers, oligomers or reactive monomers. (e.g, Radiation curable coatings, solventless epoxy coatings etc.)
Removal of dirt, oil or other contaminants from the paint application surface by using strong oil dissolving solvents.
Coatings containing binders that are soluble in organic solvents.
Coatings containing binders that are soluble in organic solvents.
Solvent added in small amounts to organic coating formulations as the last solvent to leave the coating film due to being less volatile compared to other solvents in the formulation.
Mixture of distillation products composed predominantly of aromatics. Chemical structure: No definite chemical structure.
Boiling range: ~180-210°C; Evaporation number based on the ether: 115 (for Solvesso 150), 148 (for Shelsol AB); Specific gravity: 0,894-0,895; Refractive index: 1,512; Flash point: 62°C
Solvent mixture obtained in a boiling range of 150-195°C during distillation of petroleum products rich in aromatics. Evaporation number based on the ether: 35-46; Specific gravity: 0,872-0,875; Refractive index: 1, 50; Flash point: ~42°C. (Commercial samples: Solvesso 100, Shelsol A etc.)
Solvent group obtained from roots and trunks of some of the pine trees and used in long-oil alkyds based coatings. Terpene solvents have the general formula of (C5H8)n. The most widely used terpene solvents are turpentine and Dipentene with an empirical formula of C10H16. In the mean time, use of terpene solvents decreased since they are superseded by petroleum based white spirit.
Solvent mixture obtained in a boiling range of 130-220°C of during distillation of petroleum products rich in aliphatics. Long oil alkyd resins based synthetic paints, which can be applied either with a brush or with a roller, are commonly reduced by white spirit.
Chemical name: Hydrocarbon mixture rich in aliphatics. No certain chemical formula exits.
Boiling point: 130-220°C; Evaporation number based on the ether: 85°C; Specific gravity: ~0,750; Refractive index: 1,434; Flash point: 40°C